romanian english

Mihail Gorincioi: Respecting fundamental rights and freedoms in the context of implementing the methodology for investigation of corruption offenses

DOI: http://doi.org/10.47743/jss-2022-68-2-14

Abstract: The criminal jurisprudence provides a broad view of the issues related to the scale of the corruption phenomenon, as well as on the means of criminal prosecution. Some anti-corruption practitioners have argued that human rights principles are obstacles to the application of anti-corruption law. On the contrary, most human rights movements leaders have argued that certain anti-corruption practices threaten human rights principles in the context of the fight against corruption. Although there are exaggerated perspectives on the existence of tensions between the protection of human rights and the methodology of investigating corruption offenses, the arguments for law enforcement must prevail. Some “disadvantages” faced by criminal bodies in the fight against corruption, from a forensic point of view, related to the functions of investigating corruption offenses by accumulating and uncovering evidence, place the purpose of detecting corruption offenses and their forensic investigation by respecting fundamental human rights and freedoms on two completely different ends. The collection and discovery of evidence transform mission of criminal bodies into a complex process based on rigid principles, advanced by the European Convention on Human Rights and promoted by the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights.

Acknowledgment: „This work was supported by the grant POCU380/6/13/123990, co-financed by the European Social Fund within the Sectorial Operational Program Human Capital 2014 – 2020.”

Keywords: Corruption offenses, collection of evidence, fundamental rights and freedoms, procedural guarantees, European Court of Human Rights, European Convention on Human Rights.

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