Abstract: The institution of adoption has been regulated since ancient times. The adoption was always seen as a solution to reunite the family, both in terms of the adoptee and the adopter. In the current social context, the role of adoption has taken another dimension, meaning that the number of children awaiting for adoption increased significantly, with the number of abandoned children. According to the latest official statistics, 60,000 children are in special care system, waiting to be put up for adoption or to be entrusted to a family that wants to grow. All these happened because the legislation regarding adoption was much more difficult.
Keywords: domestic adoption, international adoption, legislation, adoption procedure.