romanian english

Carmen Moldovan: The use of force in International Law between legality and legitimacy


Abstract: Prohibition of the use of armed force causes most debates in International Law because it is one of the basic principles, the cornerstone of the current international legal order but also one of the most controversial issues of International Law. Considering the provisions of Article 2 paragraph 4 of the Charter of the United Nations, the qualification of the use of armed force as a wrongful act seems clear. In contrast, the concepts of legality and legitimacy regarding the use of force are often flexible and ambiguous which can lead to discretionary use. The aim of this paper is to analyse different situations in which the use of force is allowed, exploring the theoretical and controversial aspects generated by limiting the practical applications of Articles 51 and 42 of the Charter of the United Nations, the only provisions that allow the use of force if restrictive requirements are met.

Keywords: United Nations, self-defense, principles, responsibility to protect


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