romanian english

Carmen Moldovan: The use of force in International Law between legality and legitimacy

DOI: http://doi.org/10.47743/jss-2022-68-1-12

Abstract: Prohibition of the use of armed force causes most debates in International Law because it is one of the basic principles, the cornerstone of the current international legal order but also one of the most controversial issues of International Law. Considering the provisions of Article 2 paragraph 4 of the Charter of the United Nations, the qualification of the use of armed force as a wrongful act seems clear. In contrast, the concepts of legality and legitimacy regarding the use of force are often flexible and ambiguous which can lead to discretionary use. The aim of this paper is to analyse different situations in which the use of force is allowed, exploring the theoretical and controversial aspects generated by limiting the practical applications of Articles 51 and 42 of the Charter of the United Nations, the only provisions that allow the use of force if restrictive requirements are met.

Keywords: United Nations, self-defense, principles, responsibility to protect

References

d`Aspremont, J., De Brabandere, E., The Complementary Faces of Legitimacy in International Law: The Legitimacy of Origin and the Legitimacy of Exrecise, Fordham International Law Journal, Volume 34, Issue 2, 2011

Bennouna, M., Le droit international entre la lettre et l’esprit, Cours général de droit international public (Volume 383), 2017, http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-8096_pplrdc_A9789004346482_01

Brownlie, I., International law at the fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations: general course on public international law (Volume 255), Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law, Brill/Nijhoff, Leiden/Boston, 1995, http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-8096_pplrdc_A9789041103185_01

Cançado Trindade, A. A., International Law for Humankind: Towards a New Jus Gentium (I), General Course on Public International Law, Hague Academy of International Law, Collected Courses, vol. 316 (2005), Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden/Boston, 2006

Cassese, A., Public International Law, Oxford University Press, 2005

Crawford, J., Brownlie’s Principles of Public International Law, 8th ed., Oxford University Press, 2012, pp. 754‑755, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/he/9780199699698.001.0001

Dershowitz, A. M., The Torture Warrant: A Response to Professor Strauss, New York Law School Law Review, Volume 48, 2004

Detter, I. The Law of War and Illegal Combatants, The George Washington Law Review, Volume 75, 2007

General Assembly Resolution 2131 (XX), Declaration on the Inadmissibility of Intervention in the Domestic Affairs of States and the Protection of their Independence and Sovereignty, New York, 21 December 1965

General Assembly, Armed Israeli Aggression Against the Iraqi Nuclear Installations and its Grave Consequences for the Established International System Concerning the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, the Non‑Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and International Peace and Security [1981] UNGA 28 A/RES/36/27

Gray, C., The use of force and the international legal order, în M.D. Evans (ed.), International Law, 4th ed., Oxford University Press, 2014

Institut of International Law, Session of Tallinn 2015, Rapporteur Michael Reisman, Humanitarian Intervention, Yearbook of Institute of International Law – Tallinn Session – Volume 76

Institut of International Law, Tenth Commission, Present Problems of the Use of Armed Force in International Law - Humanitarian action Rapporteurs: Mr Reisman/Mr Owada, session de Santiago, 2007

International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, The Responsibility to Protect. Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, December 2001

Kumm, M., The Legitimacy of International Law: A Constitutionalist Framework of Analysis, The European Journal of International Law Volume 15 no. 5, 2004, pp. 907-931, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejil/chh503

Miga‑Beşteliu, R., Drept internațional public, vol. II, ed. a 2‑a, Ed. C.H. Beck, Bucureşti, 2014

Moldovan, C., Drept internațional public. Principii și instituții fundamentale, editiția a II-a, Editura Universul Juridic, București, 2019

Moldovan, C., Succinte considerații referitoare la propunerea României de înființare a unei instanțe internaționale în materie de terorism, în Analele Ştiințifice ale Universității „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” Iaşi, Tomul LXII, Ştiințe Juridice, 2016, Nr. 1

Parry, J. T., Torture Warrants and the Rule of War, Albany Law Review Volume 71, No. 3, 2008

Parry, J. T., The Shape of Modern Torture: Extraordinary Rendition and Ghost Detainees Commentary, Melbourne Journal of International Law, Volume 6, 2005

Popovski, V., Turner, N., Legality and Legitimacy in International Order, United Nations University Press, online

Rosenne, Sh., The Perplexities of Modern International Law, General Course on Public International Law, Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law, vol. 291 (2001), Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague/Boston/London, 2002., 2002, p. 149, http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-8096_pplrdc_A9789041117465_01

Roughan, N., Mind the Gaps: Authority and Legality in International Law, în The European Journal of International Law Vol. 27 no. 2EJIL (2016), Vol. 27 No. 2, 329–351, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejil/chw021

Zifcar, S., The responsibility to protect, în M.D. Evans (ed.), International Law, 4th ed., Oxford University Press, 2014.


Faculty of Law
.

B-dul Carol I nr. 11, cod 700506, IAŞI
Secretariat full-time learning:
+40 232 201058
+40 232 201158
Fax: +40 232 201858
Secretariat distance learning:
+40 232 201272
Fax: +40 232 201872


Copyright Faculty of Law, IAŞI , 2024
The server generated the answer in 0.0991 sec.
292087348