romanian english

Ioan Dumitru Apachiței: The cybernetic dimension of national security with regards to the European Union Law

Abstract: The cybersecurity dimension regards that element of the national security which relates to the opportunities, threats and means of defense of the cyber infrastructure and information. The globalization of the cyberspace has shaped the way we understand and react to potential threats, our geographical position being a relevant criterion. The purpose of this section is to provide an insight into the cybersecurity dimension in accordance with the national and the European law so that it could constitute a basis for analytical reporting to the national legal framework and the possibilities of improving it. This cyber security analysis is structured in three parts. The first part provides the doctrinal benchmarks in understanding the concept and dimensions of cybersecurity; in the second part we review the main European strategies for ensuring cybersecurity, which through a comparative analysis should reveal the main orientations and the evolution in the Member States of the European Union, both individually and collectively; and in the third section we shall focus on the national legal framework, analysed also in the light of the interferences of the European legislation.

Key-words: cybersecurity; cybersecurity strategy; critical infrastructure; information security



Carrapico H., Barrinha A., The EU as a Coherent (Cyber)Security Actor?, în JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 55, nr. 6/2017,

Delerue F., Cyber operations and international law, Editura Chambridge University Press, Chambridge, United Kingdom, 2020

Delibasis D., Cybersecurity and state responsibility: Identifyng a due diligence standard for prevention of transboundary threats în J. Kulesza, R. Balleste (editori), Cybersecurity and human rights in the age of vyberveillance, Editura Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, 2016

Dordal P.L., Dark Web, în H. Jahankhani (coord.), Cyber Criminology, Editura Springer, Switzerland, 2018

Galinec D., Možnik D., Guberina B., Cybersecurity and cyber defence: national level strategic approach, în Automatika, vol. 58, nr. 3/2017, pp. 273-286,

Gehem M., Usanov A., Frinking E., Rademaker M., Assessing cyber secyrity. A meta-analysus of threats, trends, and resonses to cyber attacks, The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies, Haga, 2015

***, Guide to developing a national cybersecurity strategy. Strategic engagement in cibersecurity, International Telecommunication Union, Geneva, 2018

Hare F., The cyber threat to national security: why can’t we agree?, în C. Czosseck & Podins (Eds), Proceedings of the Conference on Cyber Conflict, Tallinn, Estonia: CCD COE Publications, 2010

Hathaway M.E., Cyber Security. An economic and national security crisis, în Intelligencer Journal, vol 16, nr. 2/2008, pp. 31-36

Krause K., Williams M.C., Broadening the Agenda of Security Studies: Politics and Methods, în Mershon International Studies Review, vol. 40, nr. 2/1996, pp. 229-254,

Libicki M.C., Cyberdeterrence and cyberwar, Editura RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, 2009 

Mann I., Towards a Cyber-Security Treaty, Just Security, 2016 [on-line]

Mâță D.C., Cybersecurity – Dimensions of national security, în Journal of Law and Administrative Sciences, Special Issue, 2015, pp. 132-142

Mâță D.C., Securitatea națională. Concept. Reglementare. Mijloace de ocrotire, Editura Hamangiu, București, 2016

Omand D., Understanding Digital Intelligence: A British View în E. De Silva (coord.), National Security and Counterintelligence in the Era of Cyber Espionage, Editura IGI Global, Hershey, 2016, pp. 97-121,

Panc D, Securitatea cibernetică la nivel național și internațional. Instrumente normative și instituționale, Editura Hamangiu, București, 2017

Peng Shin-yi, Cybersecurity Threats and the WTO National Security Exceptions, în Journal of International Economic Law, Editura Oxford University Press, vol. 18, nr. 2/2015,

Rass S., Schauer S., König S., Zhu Q., Cyber-Security in Critical Infrastructures. A game-theoretic approach, Editura Springer, Switzerland, 2020,

Rosenzweig P., Cyber Warfare. How conflicts in cyberspace are challenging America and changing the word, Editura Praeger, Santa Barbara, 2013

Schmitt, M.N., Tallinn Manual 2.0 on the international law applicable to cyber operations, Editura Cambrindge University Press, Cambridge, 2017,

Topor S., Education in the cyber security field and implications for national security, în Annals – Series on Military Sciences, nr. 1/2020, pp. 81-98

Virkar S., The mirror has two faces: Terrorist use of the internet and the challenges of Governing Cyberspace, în E. De Silva (coord.), National Security and Counterintelligence in the Era of Cyber Espionage, Editura IGI Global, Hershey, 2016, pp. 7-27,

Wilson C., Drumhiller N., US – China Relations: Cyber Espionage and Cultural Bias în E. De Silva (coord.), National Security and Counterintelligence in the Era of Cyber Espionage, Editura IGI Global, Hershey, 2016, pp. 28-46,

Faculty of Law

B-dul Carol I nr. 11, cod 700506, IAŞI
Secretariat full-time learning:
+40 232 201058
+40 232 201158
Fax: +40 232 201858
Secretariat distance learning:
+40 232 201272
Fax: +40 232 201872

Copyright Faculty of Law, IAŞI , 2022
The server generated the answer in 0.0830 sec.