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Juanita Goicovici: Portabilitatea datelor cu caracter personal ...

DOI: http://doi.org/10.47743/jss-2021-67-4-4

Rezumat: Studiul abordează problematica portabilităţii datelor cu caracter personal, în perimetrul exercitării dreptului persoanei vizate de acces la datele cu caracter personal colectate şi prelucrate de către operatorii de date cu caracter personal, astfel cum este conturat în textul art. 15 din Regulamentul General nr. 679 din 27 aprilie 2016 privind protecţia persoanelor cu privire la prelucrarea datelor cu caracter personal şi libera circulaţie a acestor date. Exercitarea dreptului la portabilitatea datelor cu caracter personal nu implică doar efecte insulare, ci antamează efecte de tip arhipelag, prin prisma faptului că se poziţionează în prima linie a exercitării efective a altor drepturi esenţiale ale persoanei vizate, în optica dispoziţiilor GDPR şi ale Directivei 2019/770, condiţionând implicit, într-o măsură considerabilă, exercitarea dreptului de acces la datele cu caracter personal, dreptul la rectificare a datelor cu caracter personal şi dreptul de a se opune prelucrării datelor cu caracter personal. Controlul exercitat de persoana vizată asupra prelucrării datelor cu caracter personal şi participarea activă a persoanei vizate la actualizarea preferinţelor sale în ceea ce priveşte consimţământul la prelucrarea datelor cu caracter personal, inclusiv decizia de a transfera datele cu caracter personal către un alt operator îşi găsesc expresia normativă în binomul reprezentat de dreptul de acces al persoanei vizate şi dreptul la portabilitatea datelor. Portabilitatea datelor necesită punerea în aplicare a standardelor tehnice pertinente, în ceea ce priveşte adecvarea mecanismului care vizează facilitarea transferului de date între operatori, inclusiv prin prisma capacităţii de a exporta datele utilizatorului într-un fişier digital accesibil utilizatorului, promovând astfel interoperabilitatea, precum şi facilitarea identificării datelor şi controlul efectiv al persoanei vizate asupra procesării datelor cu caracter personal.

Cuvinte-cheie: portabilitate; date personale; drept de acces; drept de restricţionare; drept de opoziţie

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