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Carmen Moldovan: Suveranitatea digitală – viitorul spaţiului virtual?


Rezumat: Conceptul de suveranitate digitală a fost promovat intens de către China şi Federaţia Rusă şi se doreşte a fi o transpunere în mediul virtual a principiului suveranităţii din dreptul internaţional public. De esenţa sa este opoziţia faţă de ideea libertăţii internetului în lipsa reglementărilor din partea statelor. Prezenta lucrare îşi propune să exploreze, dintr-o perspectivă critică, principalele trăsături şi implicaţii ale suveranităţii digitale, prin trimitere la principiile dreptului internaţional. Până în prezent, la nivelul ONU s-a cristalizat concluzia aplicabilităţii principiilor dreptului internaţional în Cyberspace (inclusiv a principiului suveranităţii), însă nu este clar dacă aplicarea acestora se realizează în aceeaşi parametri şi având acelaşi sens ca în spaţiul fizic.

Cuvinte-cheie: principii; ONU; reglementare; suveranitate; aplicare teritorială


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