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Lucia Rusu: The principle of legality – a legal guarantee of compliance with ...

DOI: http://doi.org/10.47743/jss-2022-68-1-19

Abstract: The legality of the criminal trial is the fundamental principle based on which the conduct of the entire criminal trial takes place according to the provisions of the law. Achieving the goals of the criminal judicial process is possible only under the conditions of strict and unequivocal fulfillment of the provisions of the criminal procedure law. The criminal trial is a special variety of state activity in the course of which the legitimate rights and interests of individuals may be limited, for which reason its implementation within the limits of the law is of particular importance. On the one hand, the obtaining and the possibility to continue using the evidence is guaranteed, and on the other hand, the rights and freedoms of the citizens attracted in the orbit of the criminal judicial process are protected. In the specialized literature, no single option is exposed regarding the notion of “legality”. Without focusing our attention in a particular way on the analysis of different points of view, we will mention that our position on this subject is in line with the perception of legality - as a strict, firm and consistent observance and enforcement of the principles of law. In cases of compliance with the law, legal instruments regulate a necessary and determined regime of activity or abstention from it by bodies, organizations, enterprises, institutions, citizens and persons in positions of responsibility.

Keywords: legality, principle, form of criminal trial, adversarial criminal trial, defense, accusation, criminal procedure function, charge, accused, defendant, criminal prosecution, trial, remedies, sentence

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