Abstract: The legal concept of domicile can be historically back‑traced at least to Roman law as domicilium, having already established at the time the distinction to the neighboring concept of municipal citizenship (origo) and frequently helping to determine the applicable law and the forum or litigation venue. The migrations of late Antiquity and early Middle Ages had temporarily diminished the importance of this point of connection in determining the applicable law, having temporarily assured the dominance of the personality of the laws on ethnic and tribal criteria. Once the feudal system and the principle of territorial sovereignty were firmly established, the concept of domicile in its historically relevant guise had regained its importance in private law, its role being once again diminished only in the last few decades by the rise in European and international law of the related but more flexible concept of habitual residence. This presentation will attempt, using mainly the historical approach and limiting itself to the European legal area, to identify the most important waypoints of the evolution of the private law concept of „domicile”, from the Roman antiquity to the present days.
Keywords: domicile; citizenship; personal law; habitual residence; history
Britannia Online Encyclopedia, Domicile, disponibil la www.britannica.com
Catholic Encyclopedia, Development of Domicile in Canon Law disponibil la https://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05103b.htm
Catholic Encyclopedia, Domicile, disponibil la https://www.newadvent.org/cathen/ 05103b.htm
Hanga V., Drept roman, Editura Argonaut, Cluj‑Napoca, 1999
Jacobs M.W., A Treatise on the Law of Domicil – National, Quasi‑national and Municipal, Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1887
Long G., Domicilium în Smith W., A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, Londra, 1875
Macovei I., Tratat de drept internaţional privat, Editura Universul Juridic, Bucureşti, 2017
Moatti C., Immigration and cosmopolitanization în Erdkamp P. (editor), The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Rome, Cambridge University Press, 2013
Nygh P.E., The Reception of Domicil into English Private International Law, Tasmanian University Law Review, vol. 1, issue 4, 1961, pp. 555‑568.
Reghini I., Diaconescu Ş., Vasilescu P., Introducere în dreptul civil, Editura Hamangiu, Bucureşti, 2013
The Law Commission and The Scottish Law Commission, Private International Law – The Law of Domicile, 1987, online, disponibil lahttps://s3‑eu‑west‑2.amazonaws.com/ lawcom‑prod‑storage‑11jsxou24uy7q/uploads/2016/07/LC.‑168‑SC.‑107‑PRIVATE‑INTERNATIONAL‑LAW‑THE‑LAW‑OF‑DOMICILE.pdf
The Law Reform Commission of Hong Kong, Rules for Determining Domicile, aprilie 2005, online, disponibil la http://www.hkreform.gov.hk
Viollet P., Histoire du droit civil français, Larose & Forcel, Paris, 1893
Zhang M., Habitual Residence v. Domicile: A Challenge Facing American Conflicts of Laws, Maine Law Review, vol. 70, nr. 2//2018, pp. 161‑197